The Bow Drill in North America

It’s been a long  held belief that the Bow and Drill was used in North America, by Native Americans, as the principle means of starting fire. However, evidence, or lack there of, suggests that...

Improved Bow and Drill

Friction fire is one of the most sought after skills. People spend many frustrating hours trying to make fire by rubbing two pieces of wood together. The most common method is the bow and drill. You...

CELESTIAL NAVIGATION (using stars)

What is LURD? L.U.R.D, which stands for left, up, right, down is a unique way of finding what direction you are facing using any star in the night sky. Why not just use Polaris (North Star)? The...

Water Hemlock

During the summer of ‘85, I spent 2 months in Spain, specifically, a small neighborhood (barrio) on the edge Segovia where my grandmother lived. I recall all the time I spent in the rolling hills...

Mosquito Facts

As the weather begins to warm, people look for more things to do outside — more picnics, camping, fishing, hiking, sports, etc. The warmer weather also means the flight of the mosquito, though...